Modern sting operations have been justified as an effective, less coercive way not only to catch criminals, but also to collect the necessary arrest and conviction evidence, thus avoiding the difficulties or even the necessity of obtaining an offender’s confession.
Sting operations can be classified into positive and negative sting operations based on their purpose. Positive sting operation takes place in the interest of the society, which helps to lift the purdah of the working of the government. On the other hand negative sting operation harm the society and its individuals. It unnecessarily violates the privacy of the citizens without any benefit to the society. Journalism shall always be in public interest and sting operation for exposing corruption serve public interest. A sting operation with genuine motive to create awareness or bring forward the ongoing corruption should not be prohibited. A line has to be drawn between sting operations that invade privacy and those which exposes corruption and like others in order to protect the very essence of the Constitution of India.(Courtesy: http://www.lawctopus.com/academike/sting-operations-evidence-india/)
A sting operation is an operation designed to catch a person committing a crime by means of deception. Typically, a sting operation involves an investigative agency such as the police or the media, who lure a criminal to commit a crime in order to trap them red-handed. They might pose as a criminal themselves, and thereby set up a trap in terms of an alluring offer, often known as a honey trap. Once the target takes the bait, the trappers “sting” them by way of arrest or publication.
– Sting Operations & their admisibility as evidence
Evidence by way of sting operations has been treated as extra-judicial confession in certain cases and thus, admissible. The extra-judicial confession cannot be sole basis for recording the confession of the accused, if the other surrounding circumstances and the materials available on record do not suggest his complicity. However, if it is voluntary, truthful, reliable and beyond reproach, it is an efficacious piece of evidence to establish the guilt of the accused, and it is not necessary that the evidence should be corroborated on material facts.
Because sting operations cover a wide variety of crimes and use different techniques depending on the operation’s immediate or long-term purpose, it is difficult to define precisely what a sting operation is. However, we have some exceptions:
What we don’t offer
. We DON’T hack into anybody’s email account
. We DON’T trespass anybody’s house/office or any kind of other premises
. We DONT’T snoop on anybody’s phonecalls